ἐπί
  • Parse: PREP
  • Meaning:
    • Genitive: (emphasizing contact) on, upon, at, near, before (in presence of someone), over (as power over someone), on the basis of, concerning, at the time of (some king)
      • Of Place: upon where?
        • ἐφ᾿ ἅρματος ὀχεῖσθαι - to jump upon a chariot
        • ἐπὶ τοῦ ὄρους - upon the mountains
      • Of Place: whither?, in the direction of
        • ἐπ᾿ οἴκου ἔρχομαι - I go toward the house
      • Of Time: during
        • ἐπὶ Κροίσου βασιλεύοντος - during the reign of Croesus
      • Distributively: in a row/column, deep
        • ἐπὶ τεττάρων πορεύεσθαι - four men deep
    • Dative: (emphasizing position) on, in, above, upon, against (in a hostile sense), over (as authority over someone), to, in addition to, at time of
      • Of Place: where? by, alongside
        • ἐπὶ ναυσίν - beside the ship
        • ἐπὶ τῇ θαλάσσῃ - by the sea
      • Of Time: immediately after, right after
        • ἐπὶ τῷ τρίτῳ σημείῳ - after the third sign
        • ἐπὶ τούτοις - right after these things
      • Of Time: in, during
        • ἐπὶ τοῖς νῦν χρόνοις - in these present times
    • Accusative: (emphasizing motion or direction) across, over, on, upon, up to, to, toward, against
      • Of Place: upon
        • ἐφ᾿ ἵππον ἀναβαίνειν - to go upon a horse
      • Of Place: against
        • ὥρμησαν ἐπ᾿ αὐτὸν - they ran against him - Acts 7:57)
      • Of Time: for the space of
        • ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας - for the space of three days
    • Expression:
      • ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό: at the same time, at the same place, in common, together
      • Note: some texts combine ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό into one word: ἐπιτοαυτό
  • Forms:
    • ἐπ᾿ PREP
    • ἐφ᾿ PREP