ἐπί
  • Parse: PREP
  • Meaning:
    • Genitive: (emphasizing contact) on, upon, at, near, before (in presence of someone), over (as power over someone), on the basis of, concerning, at the time of (some king)
      • Of Place: upon where?

        ἐφ᾿ ἅρματος ὀχεῖσθαι
        to jump upon a chariot

        ἐπὶ τοῦ ὄρους
        upon the mountains

      • Of Place: whither?, in the direction of

        ἐπ᾿ οἴκου ἔρχομαι
        I go toward the house

      • Of Time: during

        ἐπὶ Δαυίδ βασιλεύοντος
        during the reign of David

      • Distributively: in a row/column, deep

        ἐπὶ τεττάρων πορεύεσθαι
        four men deep

    • Dative: (emphasizing position) on, in, above, upon, against (in a hostile sense), over (as authority over someone), to, at time of
      • Addition: in addition to, furthermore

        ἐπ’ ἄρτοις ζυμίταις προσοίσει τὰ δῶρα αὐτοῦν
        In addition to leavened loaves he shall bring his gifts (Lev 7:13)

      • Of Place: where? by, alongside

        ἐπὶ ναυσίν
        beside the ship

        ἐπὶ τῇ θαλάσσῃ
        by the sea

      • Of Time: immediately after, right after

        ἐπὶ τῷ τρίτῳ σημείῳ
        after the third sign

        ἐπὶ τούτοις
        right after these things

      • Of Time Duration: in, during

        ἐπὶ τοῖς νῦν χρόνοις
        in these present times

    • Accusative: (emphasizing motion or direction) across, over, on, upon, up to, to, toward, against
      • Of Place: upon

        ἐφ᾿ ἵππον ἀναβαίνειν
        to go upon a horse

      • Of Place: against

        ὥρμησαν ἐπ᾿ αὐτὸν
        they ran against him (Acts 7:57)

      • Of Place: beside, next to

        καὶ ἐπὶ χεῖρα αὐτῶν κατέσχεν Ῥαμὼθ
        and next to their handiwork, Ramoth was responsible (Neh 3:4)

      • Of Time: for the space of

        ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας
        for the space of three days

    • Expression:

      ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό
      at the same time, at the same place, in common, together, altogether, both at once

      Note: some texts combine ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό into one word: ἐπιτοαυτό
  • Forms:
    • ἐπ᾿ PREP
    • ἐφ᾿ PREP