κατά
  • Parse: PREP
  • Meaning:
    • With Gen:
      • down from

        κατὰ τῶν ὀρῶν
        down from the mountains

        ὥρμησεν ἡ ἀγέλη κατὰ τοῦ κρημνοῦ
        the herd rushed down from the cliff (Mark 5:13)

      • down upon, down over, down into
      • throughout

        γνωστὸν δὲ ἐγένετο καθ᾿ ὅλης τῆς Ἰόππης
        it became known throughout all Joppa (Acts 9:42)

      • against

        λέγειν κατά τινος
        to speak against someone

      • displaying hostile attitude to
      • by invoking (in swearing)
      • in respect of, concerning
      • downward from
      • downward onto
      • behind, in the rear of
    • With Acc:
      • Relational:
        • in regard to
        • matching something to something else, a relationship between one thing and another, a correspondence between two things, compatibility, congruity, symmetry, harmony.

          κατὰ πάντα, ὅσα ἠκούσαμεν Μωυσῆ, ἀκουσόμεθα σου
          just as we obeyed Moses in all things, we will obey you (Joshua 1:17)

        • under the surface of
        • throughout (a space or surface)

          πετεινὰ πετόμενα ... κατὰ τὸ στερέωμα τοῦ οὐρανοῦ
          birds flying ... throughout the firmament of heaven (Gen 1:20)

        • along (of extension in space)
        • according to
      • Of motion: downward; on, over, throughout; opposite, over against
      • Of time: in, at, during, at the time of

        κατ᾿ ἐκεῖνον τὸν χρόνον
        in (at, during) that time

      • Distributively: by

        καθ᾿ ἡμέραν
        day by day
        also: man by man; city by city

        καθ᾿ ἕνα
        one at a time; one by one

      • Direction:
        • toward, to, up to (e.g., toward the south
        • toward the direction of
      • Presence:
        • face to face, in the presence of
        • facing, over against
      • Purpose: for (e.g., I am come for the money; I come for the purpose of seeing something)
      • Agreement: according to, with reference to, pertaining to, with respect to, in line with, just as, consistent with, conforming with, matching

        κατὰ τοὺς νόμους
        according to the laws, cf. Rom. 14:22; II Cor 7:11; Eph 6:21

      • Numbers: approximately, about

        ἀπέθανον κατὰ ἑξακισχιλίους ἄνδρας
        about 6000 men died

  • Forms:
    • καθ᾿ PREP
    • κατ᾿ PREP