κατά
  • Parse: PREP
  • Meaning:
    • With Gen:
      • down from (e.g., κατὰ τῶν ὀρῶν - down from the mountains; ὥρμησεν ἡ ἀγέλη κατὰ τοῦ κρημνοῦ - the herd rushed down from the cliff, Mark 5:13)
      • down upon, down over, down into
      • throughout (e.g., γνωστὸν δὲ ἐγένετο καθ᾿ ὅλης τῆς Ἰόππης - it became known throughout all Joppa, Acts 9:42
      • against (e.g., λέγειν κατά τινος - to speak against someone)
    • With Acc:
      • Of motion: downward; on, over, throughout; opposite, over against
      • Of time: in, at, during (e.g., κατ᾿ ἐκεῖνον τὸν χρόνον - in (at, during) that time)
      • Distributively: by (e.g., καθ᾿ ἡμέραν - day by day; man by man; city by city; καθ᾿ ἕνα - one at a time)
      • Direction: toward, to, up to (e.g., toward the south
      • Presence: face to face, in the presence of
      • Purpose: for (e.g., I am come for the money; I come for the purpose of seeing something)
      • Agreement: according to, with reference to, pertaining to, with respect to, in line with, just as, consistent with, conforming with, matching (e.g., κατὰ τοὺς νόμους - according to the laws, cf. Rom. 14:22; II Cor 7:11; Eph 6:21)
      • Numbers: approximately, about (e.g., ἀπέθανον κατὰ ἑξακισχιλίους ἄνδρας - about 6000 men died)
      • Relational: matching something to something else, a relationship between one thing and another, a correspondence between two things, compatibility, congruity, symmetry, harmony.
  • Forms:
    • καθ᾿ PREP
    • κατ᾿ PREP