διά
  • Parse: PREP
  • Meaning:
    • διά + Gen = through, by, in the midst of; διά + Acc = because of
    • With Gen
      • Of Place: through (i.e., from one end to the other)

        διὰ μέσης τῆς πόλεως
        through the center of the city

      • Of Time:
        • through

          δι᾿ ἡμέρας
          all through the day

        • always, continually, constantly, to the very end

          διὰ παντός
          for all time, continuously

        • during

          διὰ νυκτός
          during the night

        • after (a lapse of time)

          δι᾿ ἑτῶν πλειδόνων
          after several years

      • Of Interval: for a distance of

        διὰ πέντε σταδίων
        at a distance of five stadia

      • Of Means: with

        γράφειν διὰ χάρτου καὶ μέλανος
        to write with paper and ink

      • Of Agency: through

        δι᾿ ἑρμηνέως
        through an interpreter

      • Of Indirect cause: through

        ἐτελεύτησεν Μωυσῆς ... διὰ ῥήματος κυρίου
        Moses died ... by the word of the Lord (Deut 34:5)

      • Adverbally:

        διὰ κενῆς
        in vain, to no purpose, uselessly (Lev 26:16)

        διὰ τάχους
        instantly (Ps 6:11)

        δι᾿ εὐθείας
        in a straight line (Isa 59:14)

        δι᾿ ἑκατέρου
        in either case (4Macc 5:21)

    • With Acc
      • Of Reason: because of, for the sake of

        διὰ τὸν ἄνθρωπον
        for the sake of man

      • Thanks to:

        ὅπως ἄν εὖ μοι γένηται διὰ σέ
        so that it would turn out to my advantage, thanks to you [Gen 12:13]

      • Time:
        • today, on that day, then, in the course of time

          διὰ τὴν ἡμέραν
          then [1Sam 9:12,13]

      • Direct Question: Why? (διὰ τί)
      • Causal: because (διά + article + infinitive verb)

        διὰ τὸ μὴ ἔχειν βάθος
        because it had no depth (Matt 13:5)

        διὰ τὸ πειράζειν κύριον
        because they tested the Lord (Ex 17:7)

      • Causal: because

        διὰ τοῦτο
        because of this, therefore

  • Forms:
    • δι᾿ PREP
δία
  • Parse: Noun: Acc Sing Masc
  • Root: ζεύς